In various prior posts (some linked below), I have covered the Office of Legal Counsel memo released at the very end of the Trump Administration which interprets federal law to require that certain persons transferred from federal prison to home confinement pursuant to the CARES Act be returned to federal prison when the pandemic ends. The folks at FAMM have done a great job spotlighting the problems this OLC memo creates, and Kevin Ring at FAMM today sent this new extended letter to Attorney General Garland urging him to address these matters “as quickly as possible.” Here are excerpts from the letter:
Dozens of members of Congress who voted for the CARES Act have written to you, clarifying that they did not intend people on home confinement to return to prison. The BOP did not tell people who were transferred to home confinement that they might have to return. Corrections officers were unaware of the possibility….
There is no public safety reason to require anyone abiding by the terms of their transfer to be reincarcerated. The BOP screened each one of the approximately 4,000 people currently on home confinement using strict criteria established by Attorney General William Barr. Those deemed to pose no danger to the community now wear ankle monitors and are subject to rigorous surveillance. Some have been home for a full year. Only a vanishingly small percentage have violated the terms of their confinement, according to the BOP….
Attorney General Garland, we urge you to end now the needless suffering and extreme stress these families are experiencing. You can do so in a number of ways.
First, you have the authority to rescind or overrule the OLC memo. We, along with a bipartisan group of members of Congress and advocacy organizations, have urged and continue to urge you to do so.
If you feel constrained to follow the OLC’s opinion, you can and should recommend to the president that he act now to grant clemency to anyone who is serving CARES Act home confinement and has complied with the rules of their supervision. The Department then should do everything it can to support clemency petitions, including ensuring the speedy review and transfer of cases to the president. The president has expressed a desire to use his clemency authority more robustly. Commuting the sentences of these extraordinarily low-risk people would be a smart and easy start.
The Department could use its existing authority to keep people home by transferring those eligible for the Elderly Offender Home Detention Program. It also could use its authority to seek compassionate release for those on CARES Act home confinement, especially those who have years left on their sentences. At a minimum, the Department should direct that U.S. Attorneys not oppose compassionate release motions brought by people in those circumstances.
In all cases, the Department should direct the BOP to use its furlough authority to prevent anyone whose status is not resolved before the end of the emergency period from having to return to prison. This approach also would be useful for those people nearing the end of their sentences and for whom the measures discussed above are not necessary because they will shortly be eligible for transfer under 18 U.S.C. § 3624(c).
Some prior recent related posts:
- Notable OLC opinion on “Home Confinement of Federal Prisoners After the COVID-19 Emergency”
- Headlines providing more reminders of how COVID meets mass incarceration
- Spotlighting effectiveness of home confinement under CARES Act and concerns about OLC memo disruption
- Notable advocacy for Prez Biden to use his clemency power to ensure those released into home confinement need not return to prison
via Sentencing Law and Policy https://ift.tt/2Jb7wUP
June 7, 2021 at 05:48PM